Phonemic Awareness

Phonemic Awareness

The understanding that spoken words are made up of sounds.

The first and most foundational of the Five Strands of Reading.

Skills Inventory

 
Kinesthetic Awareness of Sounds
PA.1.a
Demonstrate an understanding that different sounds are produced by shaping the mouth, tongue, and lips in different ways.
PA.1.b
Identify a sound as voiced or unvoiced.
PA.1.c
Identify if a sound is a nasal sound.
 
Distinguish and identify sounds
PA.2.a
Distinguish between two different consonant sounds.
PA.2.b
Distinguish between two different vowel sounds.
PA.2.c
Isolate individual phonemes (sounds) within words.
 
Blend two words into a compound word
PA.3.a
Listen to two spoken words and blend them into one compound word.
 
One-syllable words without a consonant blend
PA.4.a
Blend a one-syllable word with only two phonemes (sounds) from an auditory prompt.
PA.4.b
Blend one-syllable CVC words from an auditory prompt.
PA.4.c
Segment a one-syllable word with only two phonemes (sounds).
PA.4.d
Segment one-syllable CVC words into their individual sounds.
 
One-Syllable Words with a consonant blend
PA.5.a
Blend consonants from an auditory prompt.
PA.5.b
Blend one-syllable words with a consonant blend from an auditory prompt.
PA.5.c
Segment one-syllable words with a consonant blend into their individual sounds.
 
Initial sound
PA.6.a
Identify the initial sound in words.
PA.6.b
Add a sound to the beginning of the word to form a new word.
PA.6.c
Delete the initial sound to form a new word.
PA.6.d
Substitute the initial sound to form a new word.
 
Final sound
PA.7.a
Identify the final sound in a word.
PA.7.b
Add a sound to the end of the word to form a new word.
PA.7.c
Delete the final sound to form a new word.
PA.7.d
Substitute the final sound to form a new word.
 
Medial sounds
PA.8.a
Identify the medial vowel sound in words.
PA.8.b
  • Substitute the medial vowel sound to form a new word.
  • Identify the medial consonant sound in words.
  • Add a consonant sound to the middle of the word to form a new word.
  • Delete a consonant sound from the middle of the word to form a new word.
  • Substitute a consonant sound in the middle of the word to form a new word.
 
Two-syllable words
PA.9.a
Blend two-syllable words from an auditory prompt.
PA.9.b
Segment two-syllable words into their individual sounds.
 
Three- and four-syllable words
PA.10.a
Blend three- and four-syllable words from an auditory prompt.
PA.10.b
Segment three- and four-syllable words into their individual sounds.
 
Rhyme
PA.11.a
Rhyme one-syllable words. (This is optional for students with auditory processing delays.)
PA.11.b
Rhyme two-syllable words.

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Teaching Phonics Systematically

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